INDIAN COUNCIL OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, NEW DELHI, INDIA
The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) is an autonomous organisation under the Department of Agricultural Research and Education (DARE), Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Government of India. The Council is the apex body for coordinating, guiding and managing research and education in agriculture including horticulture, fisheries and animal sciences in the entire country. With 101 ICAR institutes and 71 agricultural universities spread across the country, this is one of the largest national agricultural research systems in the world. The ICAR has played a pioneering role in ushering Green Revolution and subsequent developments in agriculture in India through its research and technology development that has enabled the country to increase the production of foodgrains by 5.4 times, horticultural crops by 10.1 times, fish by 15.2 times, milk 9.7 times and eggs 48.1 times from 1951 to 2017, thus making a visible impact on the national food and nutritional security.
ICAR-Central Potato Research Institute, Shimla, India
Potato research in India formally began on 1st April, 1935 with the opening of three breeding and seed production stations at Shimla, Kufri (both Shimla hills) and Bhowali (Kumaon hills), under the Imperial Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi. In 1945, a scheme for the establishment of ICAR-Central Potato Research Institute was drawn up. The institute was established in August 1949 at Patna and subsequently, the headquarter of the institute was shifted to Shimla, Himachal Pradesh in 1956 in order to facilitate hybridization work and better maintenance of seed health. India emerged as the global leader in the area of sub-tropical potato production as a result of well-planned research effort that has been supported and strengthened during successive five year plans. Potato production jumped from mere 1.54 million tonnes from 0.23 million ha area in the year 1949-50 to 50 million tonnes from 1.96 million ha area during the triennial, thus making India the second largest potato producer in the world. ICAR-CPRI has developed and released more than 55 high yielding varieties possessing combination of important agronomic traits suitable for cultivation under diverse agro-climatic conditions. ICAR-CPRI varieties occupy more than 90% of total potato growing area of the country. The primary mandate of ICAR-CPRI includes:
Basic strategic and applied research to enhance
sustainable productivity, quality and utilization of potato.
Repository of genetic resources and scientific information on potato.
Transfer of technology, capacity building and impact assessment of technologies.
Disease-free nucleus and breeder seed potato production.
Coordinate research and validation of technologies through AICRP on potato.
INDIAN POTATO ASSOCIATION, SHIMLA, INDIA
Indian Potato Association (IPA) was established in 1974, to advance the cause of potato research and development. The Headquarter of IPA is located at ICAR-Central Potato Research Institute, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India. The year 1999 was a milestone in the history of Association when it organized a Global Conference on Potato at New Delhi to celebrate its 25th year jointly with ICAR-Central Potato Research Institute, Shimla that also completed its 50th year. To commemorate the “International Year of the Potato” in 2008, Indian Potato Association organized the Global Potato Conference in New Delhi. The conference was attended by 551 delegates from more than 30 countries including 84 foreign delegates. These conferences were acclaimed as the best organized conferences in both by national and international agencies.
To promote the exchange of scientific information amongst the members, IPA publishes a scientific journal, “Potato Journal” and books on potato for the dissemination of new information and technology. IPA organizes both national and international conferences, seminars/symposia, panel discussion, Farmers’ Melas etc. from time to time. It confers awards and honours on eminent potato workers, growers, etc. Since its inception, the membership of the Association has grown many folds. At present, it has 1030 members, of which 953 are Life members. Besides research workers, the list of members includes farmers, cold store owners, processors, and other industrialists etc.
SARDARKRUSHINAGAR DANTIWADA AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY, GUJARAT, INDIA
Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University (SDAU) is one of four State Agricultural Universities (SAUs) of Gujarat that came into existence on May 1, 2004 by rechristening the erstwhile Gujarat Agricultural University. The headquarters of SDAU is based at Sardarkrushinagar. The SDAU is aimed to serve the agricultural interest for the economic development of the farming community of North and North West area of Gujarat. SDAU main campus has an area of 1965 ha. The University has nine colleges. Presently, the university offers 10 Bachelor’s degrees, 50 Master’s degrees and 23 Doctorates degrees in different disciplines. Further, four diploma courses are also being offered. There are 25 Research Stations under SDAU, Sardarkrushinagar. The research centres on Castor and Mustard, Pulses, Agro-forestry, Natural Resources Management, Crop Improvement, Seed Technology, Integrated Farming System, and Livestock are situated at Sardarkrushinagar main campus. The research centres on Potato, Sorghum, Wheat, Seed Spices, Cotton, Maize, Fruits, Date palm, Dry Farming as well as few Regional/Agricultural Research Stations are located at sub campuses. At present, there are 18 All India Coordinated Research Projects (AICRPs) and 3 Network Projects in the university. The SDAU has three Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs; Deesa, Tharad and Khedbrahma), Training and Visit System, Sardar Smruti Kendra and Agricultural Technology Information Centre (ATIC) at Sardarkrushinagar. The University has developed 529 need based technologies and released 43 high yielding varieties of different crops to make farmers to reap higher yields with better quality.
Global Potato Conclave 2020
Dr SK Chakrabarti
Chairperson, Organizing Committee Director , ICAR - CPRI Shimla,
Himachal Pradesh -171001 , India